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Knee Deep in Pain? 5 Mistakes to Avoid

If you have experienced pain in your knees and you have wondered how to ease your discomfort, think about your…

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Patellar Dislocation in Children: What Parents Need to Know

The first time your child experiences a patellar dislocation, also called a kneecap dislocation, it can be a scary experience…

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2 Reasons Parenting Puts You at Risk for Knee Problems

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Noyes’ Knee Disorders:  Surgery, Rehabilitation, Clinical Outcomes.


Noyes FR (ed), Barber-Westin SD (associate ed), Saunders, Philadelphia, 2010.

  1. Detterline A, Babb J, Noyes FR: Chapter 1: Medial and anterior knee anatomy, pp. 3-19.
  2. Strickland JP, Fester EW, Noyes FR: Chapter 2: Lateral, posterior, and cruciate knee anatomy, pp. 20-43.
  3. Noyes FR, Grood ES: Chapter 3: The scientific basis for examination and classification of knee ligament injuries, pp. 47-88.
  4. Noyes FR, Grood ES: Chapter 4: Knee ligament function and failure, pp. 89-113.
  5. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 7: Anterior cruciate ligament primary and revision reconstruction: Diagnosis, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 140-228.
  6. Barber-Westin SD, Heckmann T, Noyes FR: Chapter 12: Scientific basis of rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament autogenous reconstruction, pp. 268-305.
  7. Heckmann T, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 13: Rehabilitation of primary and revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions, pp. 306-336.
  8. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 15: Risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament injuries in the female athlete, pp. 359-378.
  9. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 16: Lower limb neuromuscular control and strength in prepubescent and adolescent male and female athletes, pp. 379-403.
  10. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 19: Decreasing the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female athletes, pp. 428-463.
  11. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 20: Function of the posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral ligament structures, pp. 467-502.
  12. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 21: Posterior cruciate ligament: Diagnosis, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 503-576.
  13. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 22: Posterolateral ligament structures: Diagnosis, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 577-630.
  14. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD, Heckmann TP: Chapter 23: Rehabilitation of posterior cruciate ligament and posterolateral reconstructive procedures, pp. 631-657.
  15. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 24: Medial and posteromedial ligament injuries: Diagnosis, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 661-691.
  16. Heckmann TP, Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 25: Rehabilitation of medial ligament ruptures, pp. 692-707.
  17. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 28: Meniscus tears: Diagnosis, repair techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 733-771.
  18. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 29: Meniscus transplantation: Diagnosis, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 772-805.
  19. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 30: Rehabilitation of meniscus repair and transplantation procedures, pp. 806-817.
  20. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 31: Primary, double, and triple varus knee syndromes: Diagnosis, osteotomy techniques, and clinical outcomes, pp. 821-895.
  21. Noyes FR, Heckmann TP, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 33: Rehabilitation after tibial and femoral osteotomy, pp. 905-914.
  22. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 34: Correction of hyperextension gait abnormalities: Preoperative and postoperative techniques, pp. 915-928.
  23. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 39: Operative options for extensor mechanism malalignment and patellar dislocation, pp. 995-1025.
  24. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 41: Prevention and treatment of knee arthrofibrosis, pp. 1053-1095.
  25. Saxton D, Lindenfeld TN, Noyes FR: Chapter 43: Diagnosis and treatment of complex regional pain syndrome, pp. 1116-1133.
  26. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 44: The Cincinnati Knee Rating System, pp. e3-e27, online only.
  27. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 45: The International Knee Documentations Committee rating system, pp. e28-e47, online only.
  28. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 46: Rating of athletic and daily functional activities after knee injuries and operative procedures, pp. e48-e56, online only.
  29. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 47: Articular cartilage rating systems, pp. e57-e73, online only.

ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete. Causes, Impacts, and Conditioning Programs.

Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD (eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2012.

  1. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 1: The ACL: Anatomy, biomechanics, mechanisms of injury, and the gender disparity, pp. 3-24.
  2. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 2: Consequences of complete ACL ruptures, pp. 27-53.
  3. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 3: ACL reconstruction: Chondroprotective effects, risks of reinjury, pp. 55-82.
  4. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 13: Testing for neuromuscular problems and athletic performance, pp. 235-272.
  5. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 14: Sportsmetrics ACL intervention training program: Components, results, pp. 275-308.
  6. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 15: Sports-specific programs for soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis, pp. 309-356.
  7. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 17: ACL injury prevention warm-up programs, pp. 371-390.
  8. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 18: Effectiveness of intervention programs on reducing the incidence of ACL injuries, improving neuromuscular deficiencies, and enhancing athletic performance, pp. 391-423.
  9. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 19: Rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction, pp. 427-454.
  10. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 21: Promotion of neuromuscular training worldwide, pp. 487-506.

Noyes’ Knee Disorders:  Surgery, Rehabilitation, Clinical Outcomes, 2nd Edition.

Noyes FR (ed), Barber-Westin SD (associate ed), Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2017.

  1. Noyes FR, Detterline A, Babb J: Chapter 1: Medial and Anterior Knee Anatomy, pp. 2-22.
  2. Noyes FR, Strickland J, Fester E: Chapter 2: Lateral and Posterior Knee Anatomy, pp. 23-36.
  3. Noyes FR, Grood ES: Chapter 3: The Scientific Basis for Examination and Classification of Knee Ligament Injuries, pp. 37-82.
  4. Noyes FR, Grood ES: Chapter 4: Knee Ligament Function and Failure, pp. 83-109.
  5. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 7: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Primary Reconstruction: Diagnosis, Operative Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 137-220.
  6. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 8: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Revision Reconstruction: Graft Options and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 221-257.
  7. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 10: Scientific Basis of Rehabilitation after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Autogenous Reconstruction, pp. 268-292.
  8. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 11: Rehabilitation of Primary and Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions, pp. 293-329.
  9. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 13: Risk Factors for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in the Female Athlete, pp. 344-372.
  10. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 14: Decreasing the Risk of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Female Athletes, pp. 373-404.
  11. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 15: Function of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Ligament Structures, pp. 406-446.
  12. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 16: Posterior Cruciate Ligament: Diagnosis, Operative Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 447-526.
  13. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 17: Posterolateral Ligament Injuries: Diagnosis, Operative Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 527-577.
  14. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD, Heckmann TP: Chapter 18: Rehabilitation of Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Reconstructive Procedures, pp. 578-607.
  15. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 19: Medial and Posteromedial Ligament Injuries: Diagnosis, Operative Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 608-635.
  16. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 20: Rehabilitation of Medial Ligament Injuries, pp. 636-652.
  17. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 23: Meniscus Tears: Diagnosis, Repair Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 677-718.
  18. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 24: Meniscus Transplantation: Diagnosis, Operative Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 719-759.
  19. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 25: Rehabilitation of Meniscus Repair and Transplantation Procedures, pp. 760-771.
  20. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 26: Tibial and Femoral Osteotomy for Varus and Valgus Knee Syndromes: Diagnosis, Oseotomy Techniques, and Clinical Outcomes, pp. 773-847.
  21. Noyes FR, Heckmann TP, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 28: Rehabilitation after Tibial and Femoral Osteotomy, pp. 858-867.
  22. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 29: Correction of Hyperextension Gait Abnormalities: Preoperative and Postoperative Techniques, pp. 868-881.
  23. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 30: Unicompartmental Knee Replacement for Varus or Valgus Malalignment, pp. 882-910.
  24. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 35: Operative Options for Extensor Mechanism Malalignment and Patellar Dislocation, pp. 970-1013.
  25. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 37: Unicompartmental Patellofemoral Replacement, pp. 1036-1057.
  26. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 38: Prevention and Treatment of Knee Arthrofibrosis, pp. 1059-1102.
  27. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 40: Diagnosis and Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, pp. 1122-1160.
  28. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 41: Cincinnati Knee Rating System, pp. 1162-1186.
  29. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 42: International Knee Documentations Committee Rating System, pp. 1190-1210.
  30. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 43: Rating of Athletic and Daily Functional Activities: Knee-Specific Scales and Global Outcome Instruments, pp. 1211-1221.
  31. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 44: Articular Cartilage Rating Systems, pp. 1222-1234.
  32. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 45: Knee Arthroplasty and Patellofemoral Rating Systems, 1235-1244.

ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete. Causes, Impacts, and Conditioning Programs, 2nd Edition

Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD (eds), Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2018.

  1. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 1: The ACL: Anatomy, Biomechanics, Mechanisms of Injury, and the Gender Disparity, pp 3-32.
  2. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 2: Consequences of Complete ACL Ruptures, pp 33-57.
  3. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 4: Risks of Future Joint Arthritis and Reinjury after ACL Reconstruction, pp 67-93.
  4. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 14: Effect of Fatigue and Gender on Lower Limb Neuromuscular Function, pp 259-273.
  5. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 16: Testing for Neuromuscular Problems and Athletic Performance, pp 289-333.
  6. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 17: Sportsmetrics ACL Intervention Training Program: Components, and Results, pp 337-375.
  7. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 18: Sports-Specific Programs for Soccer, Basketball, Volleyball, and Tennis, pp 377-425.
  8. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 20: ACL Injury Prevention Warm-up Programs, pp 445-468.
  9. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 21: Effect of Intervention Programs on Reducing the Incidence of ACL Injuries, Improving Neuromuscular Deficiencies, and Enhancing Athletic Performance, pp 469-501.
  10. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 22: Rehabilitation After ACL Reconstruction, pp 505-535.
  11. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 25: Determine of Neuromuscular Function Before Return to Sports After ACL Reconstruction: Can We Reduce the Risk of Reinjury? pp. 589-606.
  12. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 26: Promotion of ACL Intervention Training Worldwide, pp 609-623.

Return to Sport After ACL Reconstruction and Other Knee Operations: Limiting the Risk of Reinjury and Maximizing Athletic Performance

Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD (eds), Springer Nature Switzerland AG, Basel, Switzerland, 2019.

  1. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 1: Advantages and Potential Consequences of Return to Sport After ACL Reconstruction: Quality of Life, Reinjury Rates, and Knee Osteoarthritis
  2. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 2: Common Symptom, Psychological, and Psychosocial Barriers to Return to Sport
  3. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 6: Return to Sport After Primary ACL Reconstruction in Amateur, Children, and Elite Athletes: Feasibility and Reinjury Concerns
  4. Smith A, Noyes FR: Chapter 7: What is the Sceintific Basis for Knee Ligament Healing and Maturation to Restore Biomechanical Properties and a Return to Sports?
  5. Heckmann TP, Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 8: Preoperative Rehabilitation: Basic Principles
  6. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 10: Intraoperative Considerations Crucial for a Successful Outcome
  7. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 11: Early Postoperative Rehabilitation to Avoid Complications and Prepare for Return to Sport Training
  8. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 14: Running, Agility, and Sportsmetrics Training
  9. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 17: Return to Sport for Soccer and Basketball
  10. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 18: Return to Sport for Tennis
  11. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 19: The Physician’s Comprehensive Examination
  12. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 20: Neuromuscular Function, Agility, and Aerobic Testing
  13. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 21: Muscle Strength and Dynamic Balance Stability Tests
  14. Barber-Westin SD, Noyes FR: Chapter 23: Validated Questionnaires to Measure Return to Sport and Psychological Factors
  15. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 25: Return to Sport After ACL Revision Reconstruction: Is It Advisable?
  16. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 27: Return to Sport After Meniscus Operations: Meniscectomy, Repair, and Transplantation
  17. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD: Chapter 28: Return to Sport After Patellofemoral Realignment and Stabilization Procedures
  18. Noyes FR, Barber-Westin SD, Heckmann TP: Chapter 30: Return to Sport After Unicondylar, Patellofemoral, and Total Knee Arthroplasty
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